The Natural Gas Act of 1938, as amended, requires anyone who wants to import or export natural gas, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) from or to a foreign country must first obtain an authorization from the Department of Energy. The Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply, Division of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities is the one-stop-shopping place to obtain these authorizations in the Department. The import/export authorizations are necessary for anyone who wants to import or export natural gas, including LNG.
There are basically two types of authorizations, blanket and long-term authorizations. The blanket authorization enables you to import or export on a short-term or spot market basis for a period of up to two years. The long-term authorization is used when you have a signed gas purchase or sales agreement/contract, or tolling agreement, or other agreement resulting in imports/exports of natural gas, for a period of time longer than two years.
Key LNG Export Information
- LNG Export Study
- Order of Precedence for Processing non-FTA LNG Export Applications
- Summary of LNG Export Applications before the Department
- Congressional Hearing on DOE's LNG Export Applications (March 19, 2013)
- Senate Committee Forum on Natural Gas (May 21, 2013)
- "Energy Department Authorizes Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport LNG Facility to Export Liquefied Natural Gas" (DOE Press Release, November 15, 2013)
- List of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Countries
- Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P & FLNG Liquefaction Order (issued November 15, 2013)
Documents and Filings
- How to Obtain Authorization to Import and/or Export Natural Gas and LNG
- Browse Applications Already Submitted to DOE
- View the eDocket Room
- Public Comment Procedures
- Opinion of Counsel Form
- NEPA Categorical Exclusions (CXs) for Fossil Energy
File Your Application Electronically
Prospective importers and exporters of natural gas can now request federal authorizations using an online e-file system. Currently, the electronic process is available for short-term authorizations to import and/or export natural gas and LNG with Mexico and Canada or for importing LNG.
Importers and exporters of natural gas must file monthly reports on their activities. Reports are required to contain certain information. For the convenience of filers, the Office of Oil and Gas Global Security, Division of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities provides sample formats for reporting.
- Reporting Requirements and View Sample Formats for Reporting
- Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Quarterly Reports
- LNG Reports
- Other Gas-Related Information Sources